図像的フィクショナルキャラクターの問題

高田 敦史

要旨


The subject I focus on is fictional pictorial characters. Fictional pictorial characters are characters that appear in comics, animations, and illustrations of novels, who are presented by pictures and have fictional properties in stories. This paper examines the relation between fictional characters and pictures as media. I explore the problem of aesthetic judgments of fictional pictorial characters.
I argue that fictive pictures are often indeterminate in terms of figurative properties (properties related to appearance such as shapes, colors, and textures). This means that we cannot know many of the figurative properties of fictional characters. We don’t know exactly what fictional characters look like, even if we have pictures of them. In the case of deformations, caricatures, and omissions of bodily parts, pictures are implicitly non-committal about many figurative properties. I offer two arguments to defend this idea. First, it is metafictional to describe in works some of the contents of pictures, such as huge eyes or the omission of noses. Secondly, if pictures of characters were always determinate of all figurative properties, according to the plausible analysis of pictorial realism, every fictive picture must be realistic, and this is quite implausible.
On the other hand, it is possible to make aesthetic judgments of the fictional characters portrayed in pictures. We say that characters are pretty or that they look friendly or horrifying. As aesthetic judgments require knowledge of the subject's figurative properties, this leads to inconsistency. In order to make aesthetic judgments about fictional characters, we must know exactly what they look like. However, pictures of characters are often indeterminate.
I resolve this inconsistency by arguing that pictures have two kinds of content: pictorial content and separation content (seeing-in content). The former is the indeterminate content that pictures really depict and the later is the determinate content that it is permissible to see. In fiction, separation content is involved in aesthetic judgments. I analyze how pictures represent fictional characters in a complex way.

キーワード


描写の哲学(philosophy of depiction); フィクショナルキャラクター(fictional characters); 美的判断(aesthetic judgements); マンガの哲学(philosophy of comics); 内に見る内容(seeing-in content)

フルテキスト: PDF


ISSN 1883-4329